Muzaffarnagar, located in the northern part of Uttar Pradesh is popularly known as
“The Sugar Bowl of India”
The economy of the district is mainly based on agriculture; sugarcane, paper and steel industries. Muzaffarnagar is now part of National Capital Region.
Muzaffarnagar district is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. It is part of Saharanpur division. The city of Muzaffarnagar is the district headquarters. This district is the part of National Capital Region. Muzaffarnagar City is situated midway on Delhi – Haridwar/Dehradun National Highway (NH 58), the city is also well connected with the national railway network.
The city is located in the middle of highly fertile upper Ganga-Yamuna Doab region and is very near to the New Delhi and Saharanpur, making it one of the most developed and prosperous cities of Uttar Pradesh. This city is part of Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) and Amritsar Delhi Kolkata Industrial Corridor (ADKIC). It is the principal commercial, industrial and educational hub of Western Uttar Pradesh.
The town was founded in 1633 near the site of an ancient town, Sarwat, by the son of a Mughal Commander Sayyid Muzaffar Khan during the reign of Shah Jahan.In 1901, during the British Raj, it was district in the Meerut Division in United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.
MuzaffarNagar is located at an elevation of 272 meters above sea level in the Doab region of Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is located 125 kilometres NE of the national capital, Delhi, and roughly 200 kilometres SE of Chandigarh, and near to such historical cities as Bijnor, Meerut, and Hastinapur.
Muzaffarnagar has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate characterized by much hot summers and cooler winters. Summers last from early April to late June and are extremely hot. The monsoon arrives in late June and continues till the middle of September. Temperatures drop slightly, with plenty of cloud cover but with higher humidity. Temperatures rise again in October and the city then has a mild, dry winter season from late October to the middle of March.
June is the warmest month of the year.The temperature in June averages 30.2 °C. In January, the average temperature is 12.5 °C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year. The average annual temperature in Muzaffarnagar is 24.2 °C. The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded in Muzaffarnagar are 45 °C (113 °F) on 29 may,1994 and −0.9 °C (30.4 °F) respectively. The rainfall here averages 929 mm. The driest month is November, with 8 mm of rain. Highest precipitation falls in July, with an average of 261.4 mm.
Khari Boli, a prestigious dialect of Hindi, is the native tongue of the city which resembles a lot with the Haryanvi dialect of Hindi.
Religion in Muzaffarnagar (2011)
Hinduism (55.79%), Islam (41.39%), Jainism (2%), Other (2%)
Sugar and jaggery production are important industries in the district. As a result of the farming activities around, the city is an important hub of jaggery trading business.
Muzaffarnagar is an important industrial city with sugar, steel and paper being the major industries. District Muzaffarnagar has 8 sugar mills.Many steel companies market their steel products, including angles and bars, through media in the country.
More than 40% of the region’s population is engaged in agriculture. According to Economic Survey Muzaffarnagar has the highest agricultural GDP in Uttar Pradesh, as well as UP’s largest granary. Despite its economic strength, the city has been absent from the map of the foreign and modern business establishments.