Ch. Mahendra Singh Tikait
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Mahendra Singh Tikait, the BKU Chaudhary ('Headman') was born in 1935 at village Sisauli in Muzaffarnagar of Uttar Pradesh. Ch. Mahendra Singh Tiakait inherited the Chaudharyship of the Khap Baliyan at the age of eight when his father Ch.Chauhal Singh died in 1943.The Chaudharyship of the Baliyan khap had been vesting in his family for the last thirteen centuries. The chaudharyship of a khap panchayat is a hereditary position. The Chaudahry enjoys administrative, adjucative and executive powers over the khap villages. The chaudhary is held in high esteem and his decisions are binding on his people. At a panchayat meeting of the khap Baliyan held at Sisauli on May 12,1941, a resolution was passed which said : " We will work with our body, hear and soul under the leadership of our Chaudhary for the good of our Khap. Towards this end the Chaudhary of a khap has the right even to demand our lives." Thus the Chaudahry of a khap panchayat enjoys supreme powers.
After the death of former Prime Minsiter late Ch.Charan Singh in western U.P. he was called the second 'messiah' of kisans. On 17th October,1986 he formed a non-political orgarnisation named 'Bhartiya Kisan Union' to protect the interests of all the farmers of India whose are 80 percent of the population of the country. In this way he headed so many movements and as a result of these agitations,many times, he was arrested and sent to jail, yet he is on the way to protect the interest of all the kisans of India.
Bhartiya Kisan Union president Ch, Mahender Singh Tikiat died in Muzaffarnagar on 15th May 2011 (Sunday) due to protracted illness from cancer. He was 76. Mr. Tikait also served as the council head of Baliyan Khap.
Major Movements of the BKU
|S.no.||Movement||Dates||no.of days||Reasons for holding Panchayat|
|1||Karmukhera Power House Cherao||27-1-1987 to 30-1-198||4 days||To pressurise the government to concede its 11 point charter of demands|
|2||Meerut March||27-1-1987 to 19-2-1988||24 days||To get its 35-point charter of demands conceded by the government.|
|3||Rajabpur Satyagraha||6-3-1988 to 23-6-1988||110 days||Police firing on kisans during rail roko, rast roko movement.|
|4||Delhi Boat Club Panchayat||25-10-1988 to 31-10-1988||7 days||To project kisan demands as approved by te Inter-State Coordination / Committee of Farmers Organisation.|
|5||Naiyma Lao Movement at Bhopa||3-8-1989 to 10-9-1989||39 days||Naiyma, a Muslim grl was abducted and killed by toughs.Bhopa PS gheraoed by the Union. Other demands were also taken up b the Union.|
|6||Lucknow Panchayat||14-7-1990 to 22-7-1990||9 days||To protest against the Janta Dal Government in the State as it failed meet genuine demands of kisans.|
|7||Lucknow Panchayat||31-12-1991 to 17-1-1992||8 days||To protest against the enhanced rate of fertilizer and hike in electricity rates, sugarcane supplies to mills and allied issues relating to sugarcane crop, and TELCO land acquisition compensation issue.|
|8||Delhi Fertilizer Subsidy Panchayat||2-10-1991||1 days||To protest against cut in fertilizer subsidy.|
|9||Lucknow Panchayat||2-6-1992 to 3-7-1992||12 days||7 point charter of demand including implementation of Rs.10,000 write off of Govt. loans submitted to the governemnt.|
|10||Ghaziabad Kisan Land Compensation Movement||2-6-1992 to 17-8-1992||77 days||To demand adequate compensation for kisans whose land had been acquired in 1962; employmnet in government service to the depndents of kisans, and early disposal of compensations.|
|11||Chinhat Kathauta Panchayat||27-6-1993 to 30-6-19993||4 days||To demand adequate compensation for Chinhat- Kathauta kisans for their aquired land. Release of arrested kisans and repair and replacement of their damaged tractors.|
|12||Cattle Satyagraha||26-9-1993 to 4-10-19993||9 days||To demand acceptance of its 7 point charter of demands, relief to Ramkola kisans, payment of sugarcane dues and writing off Rs.10,000 loans of all farmers in the State.|
|13.1||Dunkel Dunk or Beej Satyagraha||3-3-1993 to 4-3-1993||2 dyas||The government should rejet dunkel proposals. MNC's should not be allowed to enter agriculture sector in the countroy.|
|13.2||Dunkel Dunk or Beej Satyagraha||17-9-1993 to 19-9-1993||3 days||To demand acceptance of long pending demands of the Union.|
|S.No.||Date of Arrest||Place||Reasons fo arrest|
|1||15-7-1990||Bareilly||While on his way to hold a panchayat in Lucknow.|
|2||31-12-1991||Meerut||While on his way to hold a panchayat in Lucknow.|
|3||22-6-1992||Village Tarun in Faizabad||While on his way to hold a panchayat in Lucknow.|
|4||31-7-1992||Modinagar||While on his way to hold a panchayat in Ghaziabad.|
|5||23-9-1992||Ramkola||While holding a panchayat in Ramkola against police firing on kisans.|
|6||7-10-1992||Aligarh||While on his way to hold a panchayat in Sikadrabad.|
|7||Nov.,1997||Muzaffarnagar||While on his way to Rail roko movement|
|8||12-2-2000||Muradabad||While on his way to hold a panchayat in Lucknow.|
Countries Visisted - England,Germany, Switzerland, France, Italy, Sweeden, Holand, Poland, Chek etc.
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