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Ch. Mahendra Singh Tikait

Ch. Mahendra Singh Tikait 

TIKAIT ADDRESSING FARNMER'S RALLY           TIKAIT ADDRESSING A SEMINAR AT BANGLORE

Mahendra Singh Tikait, the BKU Chaudhary ('Headman') was born in 1935 at village Sisauli in Muzaffarnagar of Uttar Pradesh. Ch. Mahendra Singh Tiakait inherited the Chaudharyship of the Khap Baliyan at the age of eight when his father Ch.Chauhal Singh died in 1943.The Chaudharyship of the Baliyan khap had been vesting in his family for the last thirteen centuries. The chaudharyship of a khap panchayat is a hereditary position. The Chaudahry enjoys administrative, adjucative and executive powers over the khap villages. The chaudhary is held in high esteem and his decisions are binding on his people. At a panchayat meeting of the khap Baliyan held at Sisauli on May 12,1941, a resolution was passed which said : " We will work with our body, hear and soul under the leadership of our Chaudhary for the good of our Khap. Towards this end the Chaudhary of a khap has the right even to demand our lives." Thus the Chaudahry of a khap panchayat enjoys supreme powers.

After the death of former Prime Minsiter late Ch.Charan Singh in western U.P. he was called the second 'messiah' of kisans. On 17th October,1986 he formed a non-political orgarnisation named 'Bhartiya Kisan Union' to protect the interests of all the farmers of India whose are 80 percent of the population of the country. In this way he headed so many movements and as a result of these agitations,many times, he was arrested and sent to jail, yet he is on the way to protect the interest of all the kisans of India.

Bhartiya Kisan Union president Ch, Mahender Singh Tikiat died in Muzaffarnagar on 15th May 2011 (Sunday) due to protracted illness from cancer. He was 76. Mr. Tikait also served as the council head of Baliyan Khap. 

Major Movements of the BKU

S.no. Movement Dates no.of days Reasons for holding Panchayat
1 Karmukhera Power House Cherao 27-1-1987 to 30-1-198 4 days To pressurise the government to concede its 11 point charter of demands
2 Meerut March 27-1-1987 to 19-2-1988 24 days To get its 35-point charter of demands conceded by the government.
3 Rajabpur Satyagraha 6-3-1988 to 23-6-1988 110 days Police firing on kisans during rail roko, rast roko movement.
4 Delhi Boat Club Panchayat 25-10-1988 to 31-10-1988 7 days To project kisan demands as approved by te Inter-State Coordination / Committee of Farmers Organisation.
5 Naiyma Lao Movement at Bhopa 3-8-1989 to 10-9-1989 39 days Naiyma, a Muslim grl was abducted and killed by toughs.Bhopa PS gheraoed by the Union. Other demands were also taken up b the Union.
6 Lucknow Panchayat 14-7-1990 to 22-7-1990 9 days To protest against the Janta Dal Government in the State as it failed meet genuine demands of kisans.
7 Lucknow Panchayat 31-12-1991 to 17-1-1992 8 days To protest against the enhanced rate of fertilizer and hike in electricity rates, sugarcane supplies to mills and allied issues relating to sugarcane crop, and TELCO land acquisition compensation issue.
8 Delhi Fertilizer Subsidy Panchayat 2-10-1991 1 days To protest against cut in fertilizer subsidy.
9 Lucknow Panchayat 2-6-1992 to 3-7-1992 12 days 7 point charter of demand including implementation of Rs.10,000 write off of Govt. loans submitted to the governemnt.
10 Ghaziabad Kisan Land Compensation Movement 2-6-1992 to 17-8-1992 77 days To demand adequate compensation for kisans whose land had been acquired in 1962; employmnet in government service to the depndents of kisans, and early disposal of compensations.
11 Chinhat Kathauta Panchayat 27-6-1993 to 30-6-19993 4 days To demand adequate compensation for Chinhat- Kathauta kisans for their aquired land. Release of arrested kisans and repair and replacement of their damaged tractors.
12 Cattle Satyagraha 26-9-1993 to 4-10-19993 9 days To demand acceptance of its 7 point charter of demands, relief to Ramkola kisans, payment of sugarcane dues and writing off Rs.10,000 loans of all farmers in the State.
13.1 Dunkel Dunk or Beej Satyagraha 3-3-1993 to 4-3-1993 2 dyas The government should rejet dunkel proposals. MNC's should not be allowed to enter agriculture sector in the countroy.
13.2 Dunkel Dunk or Beej Satyagraha 17-9-1993 to 19-9-1993 3 days To demand acceptance of long pending demands of the Union.

Jail Yatras

S.No. Date of Arrest Place Reasons fo arrest
1 15-7-1990 Bareilly While on his way to hold a panchayat in Lucknow.
2 31-12-1991 Meerut While on his way to hold a panchayat in Lucknow.
3 22-6-1992 Village Tarun in Faizabad While on his way to hold a panchayat in Lucknow.
4 31-7-1992 Modinagar While on his way to hold a panchayat in Ghaziabad.
5 23-9-1992 Ramkola While holding a panchayat in Ramkola against police firing on kisans.
6 7-10-1992 Aligarh While on his way to hold a panchayat in Sikadrabad.
7 Nov.,1997 Muzaffarnagar While on his way to Rail roko movement
8 12-2-2000 Muradabad While on his way to hold a panchayat in Lucknow.

Countries Visisted - England, Germany, Switzerland, France, Italy, Sweden, Holland, Poland, Chek etc.

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